Well, to begin with ICT4D is to know ICT first. Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) is practice of using means and modes of ICT resources for betterment of people’s day to day activities, say it a daily household chores or a heavy industrial manufacturing or say it a kid learning in an easier and effective way. And, ICT4D is one among many of the fields of ICT, commonly, Information and Communication Technologies for Development.
ICT4D or ICT4Dev or ICT for Development refers to the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the fields of socioeconomic development, international development and human rights . The theory behind this is that more and better information and communication furthers the development of a society. For which many would like to take ICT4D as Development Informatics.
When ICT is the fundamental of the ICT4D, the development aspect in ICT can have no boundary meaning the reach of ICT4D is vast, as vast as the need and understanding of a community’s development, specially in the following Development fields:
D in ICT4D
- ICT4D for Poverty alleviation
- ICT4D for Agriculture
- ICT4D for Healthcare
- ICT4D for Education
While D represents as many possibilities of Development fields for a community or a state at-large, it is also equally important to learn what ICT would do or even in detail what every aspect of ICT, to say, I, C, and T would do.
I in ICT4D
Information, I, is related with library and information sciences, according to Richard Heeks , where Information is the use of informatics or information processing not necessarily the digital aspect of complicating the information as layman would understand but simply any information or any information processing that would ameliorate development aspect of the state.
C in ICT4D
Communication, C, is the Communication studies, the art of communicating between or among the information transmitters and receivers, in the meanwhile analyzing and judging the power of communication for the development. Many would believe communication could lower the digital divide, but it is the whole of the ICT that would bringing in lower digital divide rather the Communication alone.
T in ICT4D
Technologies, T, is the Information system, the technologies of processing or using the information and communication (I & C) in parallel, solely or independent of each other. What may the input to it be, technology is always supposed to bring in betterment to the human community, here, specially in the development studies.
Thenceforth, D would bring in a great advantage to the community when ICT is befriended. As a whole ICT4D as a powerful development tool is aimed at bridging the digital divide and aiding the socio-economic development by fostering equitable access to modern communications technologies. The main stakeholders of ICT4D who
could should get more advantaged are the populations specially in the developing and under developed countries, or we better refer as economies, whose development is rather halted or slow for some reason. And the development would mean to concern with the people instead of the state directly.